Guwahati, Sep 22 | Poaching of rhinos in Assam for the animal’s valuable horns has reduced by greater than 86 per cent in the previous three years, Environment and Forest Minister Parimal Suklabaidya mentioned because the World Rhino Day was celebrated on Tuesday.
With an estimated Rhinoceros inhabitants of two,640, Assam has the most important variety of Indian one-horn rhinos in the world. Talking to IANS, Suklabaidya mentioned one of many greatest challenges confronted by the species in Assam is poaching for its useful horns.
“Due to constant anti-poaching efforts of the state government and forest officials, the trend of poaching started coming down from 2016 as the number of rhinos poached in a year came down from 22 in 2016 to only three in 2019,” he mentioned.
“Of the five species of rhinos found in the world today, Assam hosts the largest population of great Indian One-horned Rhino. The population trend shows a continuous increase in the number of GOHR (Greater One-Horned Rhinos) in Assam. During the latest census exercise conducted in 2018, a total of 2650 rhinos were found across the protected areas of Assam,” added Suklabaidya.
However, yearly, nearly 100 Rhinos die as a result of pure causes corresponding to outdated age, illnesses, in-fightings in addition to floods.
Suklabaidya mentioned that incidents of poaching typically get rid of younger animals in any other case that would have helped the inhabitants dynamics in favour of the species survival. “By bringing down poaching, the Assam government has done the greatest service to Greater One Horned Rhinoceros and to our mother earth.”
According to Sailendra Pandey, Public Relations Officer of Assam’s Environment and Forest Department, of the two,650 Rhino in Assam, an estimated 2401 are on the world-famous Kaziranga National Park (KNP) alone.
The World Rhino Day, first introduced by WWF-South Africa in 2010, is noticed yearly on September 22 to have fun the world’s 5 rhinoceros species and to replicate on the challenges confronted by them.
“The World Rhino Day was observed to create a massive awareness to protect all five species of rhinos from extinction,” Pandey advised IANS.
The floods in Assam have additionally badly hit wild animals in numerous sanctuaries and nationwide parks together with the world-famous Kaziranga National Park, the place 18 rhinos and 135 wild animals died as a result of deluge this yr.
KNP Director Karmashree P. Sivakumar mentioned that 172 wild animals have been rescued from the flood waters, regardless that over 95 per cent of the 884 sq km park remained inundated till July 23. “Last year, 263 animals, including many endangered rhinos, were killed in floods while 169 animals were rescued…all-out efforts are being made to take care of the animals in the entire Kaziranga National Park,” Sivakumar advised IANS over cellphone.
The animals that perished this yr in the park embrace 18 rhinos, 107 hog deer, 12 wild boars, six wild buffaloes, 4 porcupines and three swamp deer. The 172 rescued animals embrace three rhinos, 120 hog deer, 31 pythons and 4 cobras.
Meanwhile, Britain’s Prince William and his spouse Kate, who had visited the Kaziranga National Park in April 2016 to study conservation and anti-poaching efforts, have expressed deep concern over the devastation by floods in Assam.
The British royals, recognized formally because the Duke and Duchess of Cambridge, in a letter to Sivakumar, expressed misery over the large injury to the world-famous park and its valuable wildlife.
“The deaths of so many animals, including one-horned rhinos, are deeply upsetting,” the couple mentioned in their letter.
Besides the Kaziranga National Park, Pobitora Wildlife Sanctuary close to Guwahati, Manas National Park and Orang National Park are different three habitats of the Rhinos the place round 240 Rhinoceros are anticipated to be inhabited.
Source: IANS

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